Tăng số lượng nhiều thư mục cùng một lúc bằng Node.js

Cách tôi giải quyết một vấn đề nhỏ về quản lý thư mục

Tôi đã có một vấn đề.

Tôi đang tạo một số lượng lớn các thư mục có định dạng như thế này:

1-yo
2-hey
3-cool
4-hi
5-whatsup

A number followed by a dash, and a string.

I got up to 40 of these, and I realized I had to put one in the middle, like this:

1-yo
2-hey
3-NEWONE
3-cool
4-hi
5-whatsup

The problem was that I had to change all the numbers of the folders that now were supposed to follow the 3-NEWONE folder.

I wanted an end result like this, where all the numbers following the new entry are incremented:

1-yo
2-hey
3-NEWONE
4-cool
5-hi
6-whatsup

I did this manually once, then I realized I was definitely going to repeat this process in the future, so I made a Node.js command line app to automatize it.

I called the file increment.js and I decided to take a command line argument to set the number I wanted to start from, like this:

node rename.js 4

Getting the number is simple, we get it from process.argv:

const args = process.argv.slice(2)
const startingNumber = args[0]

If no number is present, we’re going to show an error and end the program:

if (!startingNumber) {
  console.log('Add a number argument')
  return
}

Now that we have this number, we can start getting the folder names we need to increment. The script will be positioned in the same folder that contains all the subfolders, so we can just read from ./, which means this folder.

This is how we can get the names of all the files and subfolders contained in the current folder:

const fs = require('fs')

const folders = fs .readdirSync(’./’) .map(fileName => { return fileName })

Let’s filter this to make sure we only get the folders:

const fs = require('fs')

const isFolder = fileName => { return !fs.lstatSync(fileName).isFile() }

const folders = fs .readdirSync(’./’) .map(fileName => { return fileName }) .filter(isFolder)

Next we can iterate through the folders list:

folders.map(folder => {

})

I extract the number from the folder:

folders.map(folder => {
  const result = folder.match(/(\d)+/)
})

And if there’s a match (the folder has a number in the name), I extract it and transform it from a string into a number:

folders.map(folder => {
  const result = folder.match(/(\d)+/)
  if (result !== null) {
    const num = parseInt(result[0])
  }
})

Finally, if the number is higher than the one we pass as argument, we rename the folder name incrementing the number:

folders.map(folder => {
  const result = folder.match(/(\d)+/)
  if (result !== null) {
    const num = parseInt(result[0])
    if (num >= startingNumber) {
      fs.renameSync(folder, folder.split(num).join(num + 1))
    }
  }
})

That’s it! Here’s the final source code of our little CLI app:

const fs = require('fs')

const args = process.argv.slice(2) const startingNumber = args[0] if (!startingNumber) { console.log(‘Add a number argument’) return }

const isFolder = fileName => { return !fs.lstatSync(fileName).isFile() }

const folders = fs .readdirSync(’./’) .map(fileName => { return fileName }) .filter(isFolder)

folders.map(folder => { const result = folder.match(/(\d)+/) if (result !== null) { const num = parseInt(result[0]) if (num >= startingNumber) { fs.renameSync(folder, folder.split(num).join(num + 1)) } } })

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